standard

FCI standard

Central Asian Ovcharka

Country of origin: Russia
FCI Standard No: 335

group 2  molossian type
section 2.2 molossian type

OFFICIAL INFORMATION OF NKP RKF ORK CAO ABOUT CENTRAL ASIA OVCHARKA STANDARD (from 04.12.00)

NKP RKF ORK CAO officially informs that now the standard F.C.I. # 335 /07.07.1993/ D is in force; origin - Russia, publication date - 1989 (# 335 /25.01.1989).

No changes in this CAO standard were approved by FCI in 2000.

Changes in CAO FCI Standard #335 adopted by RKF Breeding Committee 21.03.2000 are in force in Russia now. 
Central Asia Ovcharka. FCI - 335.

TEETH: Bite - scissors, level or close undershot (there must not be distance between teeth) in spite of dog's age. 

COLOUR: Any hair colour except any kind of liver or blue ones.

DISQUALIFICATIONS: Any kind of liver or blue hair colour. 

This decision came in force since 24.03.2000.

All other changes in CAO Standard will be in force only after their official publication in "RKF Vestnik" and "Inform CAO" magazine.
 
SHORT HISTORICAL ESSAY

 The Central Asian Ovcharka is one of the largest breeds that has been created in the result of interaction and fight of two mighty forces - man's necessities of life and natural selection conditioned by severe nature of the region. The breed formed in the vast territory stretched from the Caspian Sea to China and from the South Urals to Afghanistan. The breed has the blood of the ancient dogs of the Tibet, the shepherd dogs of different nomadic people and of the fighting dogs of Mesopotamia. The Central Asian Ovcharka is related to the Mongolian Ovcharka, Tibetan Mastiff, Ovcharkas of Afghanistan and Iran. In West Europe there is also the relative of the CAO, it is the Spanish Mastiff. In the territory of origin the CAOs are used as the guard and shepherd dogs, and also when hunting large animals. 

GENERAL APPEARANCE 

A Central Asian Ovcharka is a dog of the large height, strong, brave, self-respectful, unpretentious, easily adaptable to various weather conditions that makes it possible to use this breed for different work. Dogs have the rough built type, massive bone and strong musculature. 

BEHAVIOR 

Confident, balanced, quite behavior. The characteristic reaction is the active-defensive one. Has the inborn sense of property and territory. Unconfident behavior and excessive excitability are the major faults that make dog's breeding value lower. 

MAIN PROPORTIONS

The format is slightly long (more often in females than in males). The low height limit for males is 65 cm, for females - 60 cm. If a dog is proportionally built, it should be more. The sex types are clear. Males are larger and more massive than females. 

HEAD

Proportional, massive.

SKULL

The skull is broad with well-developed but clean cheeks and slightly marked supraorbital ridges. The occiput is flated because of the well-developed musculature. The forehead is flat or slightly rounded. 

STOP

Slightly pronounced.

MUZZLE

Blunt, slightly shorter than the length of the skull, well filled under the eyes, wide and deep, almost not pinched to a nose. At the front and side view a muzzle is square, at the view from above - from the rectangle to the massive almost not narrowed wedge form. The lower jaw is massive and broad. 

NOSE

Big, black. The light nose is admissible when white and light-fawn colour.

LIPS

Thick fleshy, completely covering the lower jaw.

TEETH

White, large, tightly set; a full tooth-formula (42 teeth). It is admissible when the first premolar is doubled. The incisors bases are set in a line. Scissors, level bite or compact undershot bite (without break). The broken incisors that can't prevent from determining the bite, don't influence the mark. 

EYES

Not big, oval, looking straight ahead, set deep and well apart. The eyelids are rather close fitting, the marked third eyelid is admissible. The complete eye rims are desirable. 

EARS

Not big, triangular, hanging, low set - the ear set is on the eye level or slightly lower. Shortly cropped when a puppy. 

NECK

Strong, nearly round in section, a wide neck set, equal to the head length. Set at an angle of 35-40 to a back line. The dewlap is admissible. 

BODY 

TOP LINE

High withers, not long, well marked. The height in withers is little more or equal to the height in rump. A back is strong, straight, broad, it's musculature is well developed.

LOIN

Short, broad, muscular, slightly arched.

CROUP

Wide, muscular slightly sloped, reasonably long.

CHEST

Lowered to an elbow line or lower, long, broad, rounded in section. The ribs are well rounded, the false ribs are well developed. A front part of the chest is well developed and prominent in comparison with the glenohumeral joints. The well-defined underchest can intensify the general impression of the massiveness of the body front part.

BELLY

Reasonably tucked up, slightly higher than a lower chest line.

TAIL

High-set, thick in set. The undocked tails are admissible, they are sickle curved and reach the hock joints. 

FOREQUARTERS

At front view - straight, wide and parallel set. The blades are long and sloping in set.

FOREARMS

The shoulder blades are long, sloping in set. An angle of the shoulder-blade joint is about 100. The shoulders are muscular, the forearms are massive, rounded in section, straight, set deep under the body. The length of the forelegs up to the elbows is a bit longer or just the same as the half of height in withers.

PASTERNS

Massive, strong, slightly sloping.

HINDQUARTERS

At rear view straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the forequarters.

UPPER THIGHS

Wide, muscular. The upper thigh bones are of the medium length, slightly sloping in set.

LOWER THIGHS

Of the medium length.

REAR PASTERNS

Of the medium length, massive, upright.

FEET

Large, oval, arched, cat-like. The dewclaws must be cut off. The stifle and hock angulation is average marked, clearly angulated.

MOVEMENT

The typical gaits are reachy, not stretching trot and gallop. The joints of the fore-and hindquarters unbend freely, the withers, back and loin are slightly springy and on the same level.

SKIN

Thick, not too elastic, with well-developed subdermal fat tissue, very often forms the dewlap and underchest. 

COAT

The hair is coarse, straight, undercoat is well developed. Depending on the hair length they distinguish two coat types:- with short (4-5 cm) taut outer hair, without any sighs of furnishing hair;- with long (7-8 cm) outer and cover hair and well developed furnishing hair on the ears, neck, the rear sides of the legs and on the tail.

COLOUR

Any colour, but not liver or blue (all the variants).

SIZE

The low height limit for males is 65 cm, for females - 60 cm. If a dog is proportionally built, it should be more. 

FAULTS

GENERAL APPEARANCE

Dry or loose built; leggy, poor bone.

HEAD

Short, light, unproportional. A domed forehead, well marked cheekiness. The well marked wrinkled skin on a head; the fluttering lips forming flews. 

STOP 

Abrupt.

NOSE

Butterfly, brown or pink (do not mix with a light nose when white or light fawn colour). Any colour admits a light nose, but the white and light fawn ones.

TEETH

Small, widely spaced, rather broken. Lack of one tooth.

EYES

Protruding, round, close set. The haw eyes partially opening the sclera.

EARS

High set (the ear set is on a forehead level), not cropped.

NECK

High set.

TOPLINE

A sway or roached back. The croup is much higher than withers.

LOIN

Flat, narrow, sagging.

CROUP

Narrow, short, abruptly sunken.

CHEST

Flat, narrow, shallow, underdeveloped. The blades are short, the shoulders are straight, the ligaments of the wrist and elbow joints are weak.

LIMBS

The hindquarters too far under, too straight in stifle and in hock. A narrow front.

MOVEMENT

Bindy or unbalanced. Uncorrected pace.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

GENERAL APPEARANCE

A dog in a feminy type. Total or unilateral cryptorchidism, the underdeveloped testicles.

BEHAVIOR 

Coward, choleric, uncontrolled aggressiveness.

TEETH

All deviations from the standard bite.

EYES

Blue, eyes of different color.

LEGS

The joints are not enough fixed (flexible).

HAIR

Soft, curly, wavy.

COLOUR

 Liver or blue (all the variants).